Springs of the Sea
The oldest book in the Bible is Job, probably written around five thousand years
ago. Job tells a story of loss, suffering and restoration. In the story, Job's
friends are trying to convince him that his sins have caused his calamity. Job
rightly denies this, but wrongly says that he is suffering, because he is being
attacked by God himself. In the latter parts of the book, God speaks to Job and
corrects him. While God questions Job, He makes statements that show an
understanding of nature that was clearly not known among men of the time.

Job 38:16 (NIV3)
16 "Have you journeyed to the springs of the sea, or walked in the recesses of
the deep?

Job 38:16 (KJV1)
16 "Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the
search of the depth?

Job 38:16 (NAS2)
16 "Have you entered into the springs of the sea Or walked in the recesses of
the deep?

Webster's defines a spring as: "A source of supply; esp: a source of water
issuing from the ground." For the oldest book in the Bible to say that there are
springs in the sea probably seemed strange to people for most of recorded
history. It is only since 1977, when the first "Black Smoker" was discovered,
that the idea of springs in the sea made sense; and not only that, these remote
hidden areas are brimming with life.

Parallelism was a common writing device used by biblical writers for emphases.
It is interesting to note that black smokers are found among the mountainous
sides of ocean rifts, the places where upwelling magma creates new seabed,
resulting in sea floor spreading. These places are in the deep parts of the
ocean, mountainous and remote in the extreme. These places could truly be
called "the recesses" of the deep. The writer connected these "springs of the
sea" with "recesses of the deep." This is noteworthy, especially today, because
the springs of the sea are found exactly in the recesses of the deep!

In the passage, God is questioning Job, and He asks "Have you entered into the
springs of the sea or walked in the recesses of the deep?" This question implies
that God has walked in the recesses of the deep! In another ancient passage
the Bible claims that "the whole earth is full of his [God's] glory." Is it any
wonder that where the creator goes life flourishes, even in the deepest most
remote parts of the ocean? The whole earth certainly is full of His glory!



Science & The Bible
1 KJV Gift & Award Bible, Revised. Grand Rapids Michigan: Zondervan Corp. 2002

2 New American Standard Bible, Text Edition Anaheim California: Foundation Publications
1995

3 The Quest Study Bible, New International Version Grand Rapids Michigan: Zondervan
Corp. 1994